. PAGE ONE

The Cow Connection
Testing 1 - 2 - 3, Testing
BSE Surveillance in Canada
BSE Surveillance in the US
BSE Testing vs Herd Count
BSE Surveillance in Australia
Signs of Trouble
No Perfect Test
PAGE TWO

CJD and Alzheimer's -
Twins?
Mystery Mutilations - An Answer?
Downers and Stetsonville Mink
Mad Cows, Englishmen and the BSE Inquiry
Scientists Also at Fault
PAGE THREE

Countries at Highest Risk
This is Now. . .
Misery Hates Company
The Moo Heard Round The World
Where was Brit Beef Shipped?
Greed, Slackness, Loopholes
Our Own Country's Greed

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CJD and ALZHEIMER'S - FRATERNAL TWINS?

Officially CJD occurs once in every million people annually, world wide. This would mean about 6,200 new cases across the globe each year IF this were all the cases of this disease. Saying "if" is not meant to diminish the agony of thousands of victims and their loved ones, but there is concern that some previously diagnosed Alzheimer's cases are really CJD.

There are striking similarities in these two diseases. Both target mainly older people and the primary symptoms of each are dementia, memory loss, depression and death. Some Alzheimer's victims show the same spongy lesions in the brain. Dr. Prusiner who won a Nobel Prize for his work in prion diseases, speculates eventually Alzheimer's may actually be shown to be a TSE. These similarities have caused diagnosis problems possibly severely underrating the occurrence of CJD. Though similar in appearance to Alzheimer's, they have a different protein.

There are varying estimates among doctors and scientists about the real occurrence of CJD. At Yale, six out of 46 patients clinically diagnosed with Alzheimer's were proven to be CJD cases at autopsy. In another post-mortem study, three out of 12 Alzheimer patients actually died from a TSE.5

Carleton Gajdusek, recipient of a Nobel Prize for his work with prion diseases, estimates that 1% of all people showing up in Alzheimer clinics actually have CJD.6

A 1989 University of Pennsylvania study showed that 5% of patients diagnosed with dementia were actually dying from CJD.7

A 1991 informal survey of neuropathologists published in the British Journal of Psychiatry put a theoretical range of 2-12% for all dementias actually being CJD.8

According to The Alzheimer's Association, there are approximately 4 million Americans suffering with this disease. Taking the absolute lowest probability of 2% misdiagnosed Alzheimer's cases, it would boost the CJD count to 80,000 just in the States.


MYSTERY MUTILATIONS

Time for a little lateral thinking. . . For decades, the mystery of cattle mutilations has haunted ranchers, farmers, investigators and people intrigued by the phenomena. At least 10,000 cases involving cattle had occurred around the world by 1979. Mutilated animals other than cattle and horses - the two main targets - have also been seen.

The top four reasons explaining these weird events have been attributed to:

1. satanic cults and ritual sacrifices

2. black ops chemical weapons testing

3. mass hysteria blowing simple cow deaths out of proportion

4. extraterrestrial experiments

Certainly satanic cults can rightfully claim a number of these incidences in Alberta, Idaho, Montana, and Iowa.

Explanation #2 also has validity because during waves of cattle mutilations, blackunmarked helicopters with tinted windows and powerful searchlights have been witnessed in the area. Since most often there are no tracks or footprints, it leads one to think the cattle had been lassoed, hoisted mechanically into the chopper, "operated on" and then dropped back to the ground. We certainly have had chemical weapons for more than half a century. It is reasonable to say that since many of our vaccines are bovine-based that our chemistry is compatible with cows in terms of how a biological agent might affect us.

The third explanation lacks credibility due to the sheer number of events reported. To chalk up this many mutilations worldwide to mass hysteria doesn't wash.

The fourth explanation, weird as it may sound, may also have validity. UFOs have often been seen in the vicinity of cattle mutilations. Witnesses report that the animals are deathly afraid of UFOs, frequently stampeding and bellowing when in their presence. Two separate alien abductees reported, under hypnosis, seeing cattle taken into the alien craft and mutilated.
9


ANOTHER ANSWER

A fifth possible explanation exists - early BSE testing. This is not to indicate that every mutilated animal is a product of BSE analysis, but it may well account for some.

All body parts removed from mutilated cattle have to do with either eating, excreting or reproducing. Bovine jaws are stripped to the bone as seen in the photo above, reproductive organs, entire tongues and digestive tracks are removed, and rectums and eye sockets are "cored" out. If one is tracking disease, these are the areas to check. Additionally in some cases, all blood has been drained from the animals - another prime disease carrier.

More graphic pictures of cattle mutilations show perfectly sealed, surgeon-like precision cuts where the organs are taken. Some people have suggested cattle mutilations are the product of wild animals, but they would leave jagged edges and tears in the tissue. So what could be responsible?

One possibility is an instrument like this one from UltraCision called The Harmonic Scalpel. Ultrasonic welding or cutting of thin tissues or substances is not new technology; it dates back to the 1950s. A number of years ago, Dr. Graham Paget, a personal friend of ours in Perth, gave Stan a brochure and video demonstrating its abilities. The Harmonic Scalpel vibrates 55,000 times per second neatly slicing tissue like the proverbial hot knife through butter and simultaneously cauterizes the wound; e.g. there is no bleeding or fluid leakage.

This instrument evolved from plastics welding and cutting technologies developed by the Branson Ultrasonics Corporation in the 1950s. It had numerous applications and performed equally well on plastic, metal and human tissue. If the truth were made public, the human tissue effects were probably the results of accidental damage to factory workers in companies like Branson. Stan's father used high-powered ultrasonics in his research laboratory in Dallas as far back as 1957. His staff suffered several accidental wounds from working with improperly shielded ultrasonic "horns" (as the vibrating tools were commonly called in the industry).

When another big uproar surfaced a few years back about the origin or cattle mutilations and what could possibly be responsible for the precision cuts, Stan contacted one of the best known investigators in this field to shed light on the issue. The person in question didn't want to hear it preferring to turn a blind eye to this answer, and instead, continued to hype the mystery. This investigator has videos and books published on the topic so having a rational, plausible answer may have taken away from the mystique surrounding the mutilations.

One excellent paper on the possibility that the cattle mutilations are connected with BSE testing was written by Ted Olliphant III. His paper 'UFO' Mutilations, Mad Cow Disease, and the U.S. Government can be found on several web sites including a copy archived on Jeff Rense's wbsite.


DOWNERS AND THE STETSONVILLE MINK

Another chapter in the TSE story is "downer" cows and the Stetsonville mink. Downer cows are animals, who, for a myriad of reasons not necessarily related to BSE, are unable to stand.

In 1947, and in 1985 in Stetsonville, Wisconsin, mink farm herds came down with a rare form of spongiform encephalopathy. Almost overnight, the mink showed classic symptoms - loss of coordination and weight, and listlessness. Within weeks, they died. Literally scores of mink lost their lives. Since they were being raised for fur coats, the TSE just hastened their exit.

University of Wisconsin's veterinarian, Richard Marsh, was called in to figure out what had caused the epidemic. Marsh thought something in the feed might be spreading the disease so he began his investigation there.

Mink are voracious meateaters, but their diet had not included sheep so Scrapie was ruled out. They were fed this deadly combination: 95% ground up carcasses of downer cattle and 5% horse meat. (TSEs have not been found in horses yet.) The connection led Dr. Marsh to conclude that "a low-level native strain of BSE exists in the United States, but was going undetected."10 (A nearly-undetectable disease is referred to as a "sub-clinical".) This raises an unsettling question, do countries and regions other than the UK harbor their own strains of BSE?

Dr. Marsh performed revealing tests on the Stetsonville mink and cows. Marsh injected TME (transmissible encephalopathy in mink) infected brains into two calves. Within 19 months, both calves had BSE, but the symptoms weren't like Britain's mad cows. The Stetsonville cows showed symptoms of downer cows becoming lethargic and unable to stand. Brains from these cows were then injected into mink. They came down with TSE confirming the kind of disease that had killed the cows. Marsh and his colleagues concluded, "These results suggest the presence of a previously unrecognized scrapie-like infection in cattle in the United States."11

Another laboratory scientist in the mid-1990s, Dr. Mark M. Robinson, with ARS, USDA, Animal Disease Research Unit also investigated the Stetsonville mink deaths. Robinson had published several papers on experimental transmission to cattle and sheep. His study concluded, like Marsh and other scientists, that a very low level of a non-UK strain of BSE in Wisconsin dairy cattle killed the mink in 1985. Robinson wrote, "at most, 1 out of every 27,500 nonambulatory adult cattle [downers] was affected with the transmissible encephalopathy, and 1 out of 975,000 of all adult cattle was affected with the transmissible encephalopathy per year in Wisconsin."12


In a second paper from Dr. Robinson Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in the United States, published by the USDA APHIS vs CEAH Ft. Collins, pages 21-25 are more alarming. The paper states, "the survey suggested that almost 5,000 nonambulatory (downer) cows suspected of having a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) could have been fed to mink in the surveyed States in 1982."13

Now take another look at the "BSE Surveillance NVSL Bovine Brain Submissions" graph on the first page. There is a HUGE jump in downers in the US from 1999 to 2000 - almost 200% more. Somebody must have gotten spooked because brain submissions also shot way up - almost 2-1/2 times over the preceding year.

Despite these findings, scientists still state the US is free of BSE. Maybe we are free of Britain's type of BSE, but are our cows and other countries' bovines harboring their own strain of BSE? If so, our government is testing for the wrong kind of BSE.


MAD COWS, ENGLISHMEN AND THE BSE OFFICIAL INQUIRY

Over 180,000 cows have been diagnosed in Europe with BSE and 4.7 million animals over 30 months old have been slaughtered to stop the spread. Britain acted way too slow, covered up information and lied to its citizens through a decade of denial, misinterpreted and ignored early warning signs, and from the get-go, operated under the assumption that TSEs could not jump species. The sum total of ignorance and error escalated into tragedy. It will be years before the full fallout is known or we see how many lives CJD will claim, but there are invaluable lessons to be learned by the rest of the world. The question is, are we paying attention?

In a 4,000 page report that took two and a half years to complete and cost an unprecedented 27 million, the BSE Inquiry damned a number of events, scientists and Britain's government for the deadly epidemic. You can view the BSE inquiry in full or read the highlights below.

From a single cow traced to 1970, arose incredible disaster. Because Scrapie had not been a problem for humans, it was wrongly assumed BSE posed no danger either. The practice of bovine cannibalism through rendering set in motion an unstoppable, unbelievable chain of events. "This now seems surprising, because scientists had known for 10 years that once a spongiform encephalopathy, such as scrapie, jumped the species barrier it could become more pathogenic to other animals."14


Additionally, there's no question they knew their cattle herds were severely infected early on. In a United States FDA report it states: "In the United Kingdom, 47.5% of the dairy herds and 10.9% of the beef suckler herds are infected (MAFF, 1993). The lower incidence of BSE in the beef herds vs. dairy herds in the United Kingdom is not attributable to any difference in breed predisposition, but to different feeding practices in dairy and beef herds. In dairy herds in the United Kingdom, the feeding of concentrate rations likely to contain meat and bone meal is common during the first six months of life (Wilesmith et al., 1992)."15


When asked about the safety of beef, government officials repeated the findings by a 1989 British advisory committee on the disease that BSE was unlikely to cause problems for humans. According to the BSE Inquiry, they quietly buried the warning that "if the assessment was incorrect, the implications would be extremely serious". As a result of these reassurances issued as late as March 20, 1996, infected beef still entered the food chain.


SCIENTISTS ALSO AT FAULT

They ignored decade-old evidence that BSE could jump species. Scientists also overlooked that only a "peppercorn" or 1/2 gram (that's 1/60 of an ounce) of BSE-contaminated material could infect a cow. "For five years, this ignorance led to slaughterhouses routinely breaking the ban on BSE-contaminated cattle material, known as specified bovine offal (SBO), entering the human and animal food chains. This perpetuated BSE on farms."16

BSE contaminants continued to enter the British human food chain until 1996 from "mechanically recovered meat", edible material scraped from the spines of cows. This area is very close to the spinal column - one of the highest infection-harboring parts ofthe body for Mad Cow disease. Spinal cords which have been a regular ingredient in German sausages led to a huge recall of exported German sausages three weeks ago.

Photo: This little dining delight is called a Floater or a meat pie floating in a bowl of pea soup. The local saying is "Pour that down your neck mate!" Mmm good. Mmm good. That's what Floater pies are: mmm, mmm good.

Other techniques of mechanically recovering meat (MRM) use highly pressurized water to remove minute scraps of meat after de-boning. This method breaks down the meat so it flows off the bone as puree. MRM is used in meat products such as meat pies (see the "floater" in the photo) and chicken nuggets, and as a binding agent. (Ever since junior high school, smart kids refused to eat meat pies at lunch wondering what in the world was the "mystery meat". To this day, a meat pie or pot pie has yet to pass my lips, so guess I'll never make it as a Brit or an Ozzie. However, hotdogs are another story. . . They'll getcha one way or another!)

Once scientists got their act together, the government dropped the ball. It failed to inform the public and non-government scientists about vital BSE information. It should have, but didn't, coordinate research about the emergence and spread of the disease. If people aren't told how it spreads, they're being handed a death sentence.

Britain's Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) withheld scientific information for six months, further encouraging the spread of BSE through ignorance. They also withheld knowledge of how to spot new cases and trace the epidemic. More delays followed because the government had cut the budget for agriculture and animal health by 20% which covered BSE research.

Last, MAFF failed to release data and research material to independent researchers, especially those outside Britain, who may have been able to help.

This unbelievable chain of screw-ups has led to this - more than 180,000 cows infected with BSE and 89 human deaths from vCJD - so far. Additionally WHO released last month concerns that
BSE may have been exported globally. "The United Nations estimated that at the height of the mad cow epidemic in Britain at least 500,000 tons of untrackable bovine byproducts were exported from Britain to Western Europe and other nations around the world, including the United

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Text and Graphics, 2001 Stan and Holly Deyo, except where otherwise credited